The dates on Supreme Court Justice Murphy are incorrect. William Francis Murphy was born on April 13th , 1890 not April 13, 1893 in Harbor Beach, Michigan to two Irish immigrants and devout Catholics. He got his law degree at the University of Michigan (LL.B., 1914) and, after serving in the first World War and held several elective posts in the 1920s.
His efforts to help the unemployed got President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s attention, who after Murphy finished his term as Mayor of Detroit (1930-1933) appointed him to the governor-general (1933–35) and then U.S. high commissioner (1935–36) in the Philippines, where he supported the independence movement.
Strong Liberal Credentials
Upon returning home, Murphy rose to governor of Michigan where again he got national attention for refusing to break the illegal sit-down strikes at Ford and GM auto companies. FDR applauded those actions, and he appointed him the United States Attorney General.
Once there, Murphy won further accolades for instituting the Civil Rights Unit (now a Division of the AG’s office). Finally in 1940 Murphy got an appointment on to the Federal Bench; but that did not last long as he died in 1949. He voted with Justices Owen Roberts and Robert Jackson against the majority opinion of Justices Black and Felix Frankfurter on interring Japanese residents into camps in California in the the Korematsu v. US case.
I dissent, therefore, from this legalization of racism. Racial discrimination in any form and in any degree has no justifiable part whatever in our democratic way of life. It is unattractive in any setting, but it is utterly revolting among a free people who have embraced the principles set forth in the Constitution of the United States. All residents of this nation are kin in some way by blood or culture to a foreign land. Yet they are primarily and necessarily a part of the new and distinct civilization of the United States. They must, accordingly, be treated at all times as the heirs of the American experiment, and as entitled to all the rights and freedoms guaranteed by the Constitution.”Justice Frank Murphy, Korematsu vs. U.S.1
Murphy was among 12 nominated at the 1944 Democratic National Convention to serve as Roosevelt’s running mate in the presidential election that year. He acted as chairman of the National Committee against Nazi Persecution and Extermination of the Jews and of the Philippine War Relief Committee and established in early 1944 committee to promote rescue of European Jews, and to combat antisemitism in the United States.
Murphy died in his sleep at Henry Ford Hospital in Detroit on July 19, 1949, of a coronary thrombosis. He was of 59 and was slated to get married the following month. Over 10,000 people attended his funeral in Detroit and is s buried in Our Lady of Lake Huron Catholic Cemetery in Sand Beach Township, Michigan, near Harbor Beach.
The third judicial court of Michigan is named in his honour.
The Map of Murphy
Murphy has an absence of planets in the Water signs showing how little emotions and emotional pleas affected him. Instead with his strong set of planets in air, he actually has a grand trine there, Murphy relied on logic and analytical skills to solve problems and handle people. Thus looking at his close relationship with President Roosevelt, Murphy, intellectually agreed with FDR’s politics and thus approved of the president’s long term goals. His line of Culture supports that because Murphy did not think that Roosevelt’s plans were the best at the time, but for all time — it is what the government should do.
His Venus, exalted in Taurus, on the second house cusp, made him vain and Murphy was probably a good dresser. His Mental Chemistry shows he was a fast thinker, but did not jump on things quickly, because with his line of efficiency was inconjunct he often doubted himself. It’s hard to see how that really hurt him, and perhaps the preponderance in the first house of personality, over rode it. Without a real biography on the Justice that’s hard to know for sure.
- This is about the only place I found Murphy and FDR disagreed.